By Kristina Braga
My attraction to old metal pails began five years ago when my husband and I bought a beach house at the Jersey Shore. I couldn’t wait to decorate it with beach and nautical themed items. On one of our shopping trips, I bought a vintage sand pail in a local antique store thinking it would be a fun accent piece for our living room bookcase.
Five years later, over 30 vintage sand pails adorn our bookcase. I keep assuring my husband that I’m done buying pails, but then I spot another interesting pail that I have never seen before with a nostalgic beach scene on it and I feel compelled to buy it. I guess I’m addicted.
Vintage metal sand pails remind me of summers at the beach when I was a child. I recently found an old photograph of my mother, grandmother and myself on the beach in Brigantine, New Jersey, during the 1960s, that I had enlarged and that now hangs in the hallway of our house. In it, I’m buried up to my chest in the sand. I have no doubt that a metal pail and shovel were nearby. For me, beach pails evoke warm memories of children playing in the sand, using their beach buckets to carry water from the ocean to build sandcastles, or to collect seashells and crabs. But what I really love about vintage sand pails are the vivid colors and amazing graphics that adorn them, transforming each one from a mere tin bucket into a small work of art.
Vintage sand pail collecting seems to be having a resurgence today. Its growing popularity may be attributed to articles in design magazines and the fact that they are affordable to just about everyone. There are pails priced from as low as ten dollars to as high as a thousand dollars, depending on their rarity, age, popularity, and, to some extent, condition. Keep in mind, most of these tin pails were used in salt water, lakes, and sand boxes and, most often, have visible playwear, dents, and rust. But, I think these imperfections add to the charm of the piece. It is possible to find new old stock pails that are in pristine condition or close to it. Of course, the price may be higher for these. Vintage pails can be found in antique stores, flea markets, and online on sites such as eBay and Etsy.
Tin sand pails didn’t become popular in the United States until the Victorians made seaside vacationing fashionable during the second half of the 1800s. Many pails were imported from Europe until the late 1800s when American manufacturers began making their own tin plate pails. These early pails were usually hand painted, stenciled, stamped or embossed. They are more difficult to find today because fewer were made, and many have not survived over the years. During the 1930s to 1960s, mass transportation made it easier for people to get to the beach. Americans had more disposable income and seaside vacations grew in popularity. This was the most prolific time for sand pail manufacturers in the United States.
The most popular American metal pails were manufactured by Morton E. Converse & Sons, Co., T. Bros, Wolverine, Ohio Art Company, J. Chein & Co., T. Cohn Incorporated, and U.S. Metal Toy Manufacturing Company. U.S. production of sand pails peaked in the 1950s. Most sand pails produced during this time carry the manufacturer’s trademark on them, but you may find a few without one. Non-U.S. companies, such as Chad Valley, Happynak of England, and Willow of Australia, produced beautifully illustrated sand pails as well.
Sand pails became popular because they were affordable and appealed to both girls and boys. The retailing business made sand pails available to the general population and they were sold throughout the country. One of the major sellers of sand pails was F.W. Woolworth & Co. They were produced with an array of themes, including circus themes, patriotic themes, storybook characters, Disney characters, transportation themes with sailboats, ships, boats, children at the beach, farm animals, cowboys, and destination pails such as Atlantic City, Coney Island, Asbury Park, and plain “Seaside.” I’m particularly attracted to the beach scenes that depict children playing on the sand or in the water because of their nostalgic appeal.
Most of the sand pails in my collection were made by the Ohio Art Company. These pails have remarkably bright colors and charming illustrations. Certain pail makers made beach pails for candy companies to sell filled with salt water taffy or lollypops as promotional items. I have one of these pails in my collection and, although manufactured by T. Cohn, it is marked Beach Pops, E. Rosen Co., and is one of the smallest pails, measuring only three inches by three inches. This is one of my favorites!
Sadly, by the 1970s, almost all of these wonderful lithographed pails were replaced by plastic ones. Plastic had become the wave of the future. The new plastic pails didn’t rust, dent, or break as easily, and they floated in the water. Plastic pails were manufactured in bright colors, but they lacked the beautiful designs that decorated the old pails. In my opinion, plastic pails just can’t compare to the brightly colored artwork on the vintage pails, rust and all. Whenever I see an old vintage pail, I can’t help but smile.
This article appeared in the Beachcombing Magazine January/February 2019 issue.